Safe, clean drinking water is essential for your family’s health. Unfiltered tap water may contain chemicals, pathogens, heavy metals, and minerals that can cause illness or skin irritation, and may also damage fabrics and plumbing fixtures. To make sure your family has healthy, pure water, choose one of these water filters for the home.
Water Filters for the Home
Activated Carbon Water Filters
Activated carbon, also known as activated charcoal, removes chemical contaminants from your water by absorbing them. Some types of activated carbon filtration systems only remove chlorine, but higher-end ones also remove chemicals like lead and mercury. Activated carbon filters do not remove substances like arsenic and fluoride.
Steam distillation may be the oldest way to purify water. Water is heated to its boiling point and the resulting condensation provides clean drinkable water. This method removes pathogens, minerals (both good and bad), lead, nitrates, and iron, but it won’t remove chlorine.
Reverse Osmosis Water Filters
Reverse osmosis is one of the most popular and effective types of water filters for the home. This system works by passing water thought a highly specialized membrane that catches harmful particulates and pathogens along with arsenic, mercury, lead, fluoride, radium, and other minerals. However, reverse osmosis filters are unable to remove chlorine, herbicides, and pesticides.
While this type of filtration system doesn’t remove chemicals, it’s ideal for homeowners who want to remove sediment from their water supply. Well water usually contains a lot of sediment. If left untreated, this might give the water an unpleasant taste or smell and can stain your laundry and dishes. Mechanical filters can be used in conjunction with other water filters to target more contaminants.
Ozone filtration is usually included as part of a larger system, and it’s a good option if you want to remove water-borne pathogens and parasites or substances like manganese, iron, and sulfur. These filters won’t remove chemical contaminants like pesticides and herbicides, but they will help prevent bacterial and viral illnesses and remove stain-causing minerals.
Water Softener Systems
Water softener systems use salt to treat hard water, which is caused by high levels of calcium and magnesium in the water supply. If you notice limescale buildup on your plumbing fixtures or yellowish stains on your laundry, you may need a water softener system. Because this method of water treatment uses large amounts of salt, it’s best to avoid drinking softened tap water if you’re on a restricted sodium diet. Also, your lawn or garden should not be watered with softened water as the sodium levels can harm plants.
If you’re concerned about what might be in your water, ask your local utility for a water quality report. The information within will help you decide which water filter is right for your needs.